Crosses, also known as four-way fittings or cross branch lines, have one inlet and three outlets , and often have solvent-welded socket or female-threaded ends. Cross fittings may stress pipes as temperatures change, because they are at the center of four connection points.
Throttling valves are used to control the amount or pressure of a fluid allowed to pass through, and are designed to withstand the stress and wear caused by this type of operation. A double-tapped bushing is a fitting which serves as a reducer. It is a sleeve similar to a close nipple, but is threaded on both its inner and outer circumferences. Like a reducer, a double-tapped bushing has two threads of different sizes.
Precautions must also be taken to avoid starting fires caused by stray sparks and hot welding debris. Central vacuum system inlet fittings are intentionally designed with a tighter radius of curvature than those of other bends in the system. If vacuumed debris becomes stuck it will jam at the inlet, where it is easy to find and remove. A double-tapped bushing is more compact than a reducer, but not as flexible. While a double-tapped bushing has a smaller female thread concentric to a larger male thread , a reducer may have large and small ends of either gender.
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The ends may be machined for butt welding, threaded , or socketed. When the ends differ in size, it is known as a reducing elbow. From dependable compression fittings to soldier rings and press-fit elbows, our range of pipe fittings helps make sure you can finish the job properly.
Lightly oil the cone of the screw sleeve and the thread of the union nut. With sealing cone screw-on fittings with O-ring (AOL / AOS), the pre-stressing of the O-ring must be bridged and the sealing cone must lie metallically flush against the cone of the HL/HS connector. At this point, the cutting ring may be allowed to rotate, but must not move axially. Tightening torques for stainless steel fittings and for fittings with UN/UNF threads available upon request. The entire fitting consists of the threaded connector, the spacer ring with O-ring seal, the pressure ring and the union nut.
In a long radius elbow, the centreline radius is 1.5 times the nominal size of the pipe or you can say 1.5 times the diameter of the pipe. Normally long radius elbows are used in piping as pressure loss is less as compared to short radius elbow. Elbows are available in two radius types, Short radius and Long Radius (1.5D).
The pressure losses that inevitably occur in pipeline systems can be recorded either by measuring equipment or by calculation. In order to achieve an optimum seal, conical screw-in threads must be provided with an additional sealing means, e.g., Teflon tape. Flare fittings were originally developed for high pressure applications and are used widely in locations that are exposed to strong vibrations. As the cutting ring moves along a precisely de ned assembly path, its cutting edges are forced into the surface of the hydraulic pipe.
A reducer can also be used either as a nozzle or diffuser, depending on the mach number of the flow. Dielectric unions, with dielectric insulation, separate dissimilar metals to prevent galvanic corrosion. When two dissimilar metals are in contact with an electrically conductive solution , they form an electrochemical couple which generates a voltage by electrolysis. When the metals are in direct contact with each other, the electric current from one to the other also moves metallic ions from one to the other; this dissolves one metal, depositing it on the other. A dielectric union breaks the electrical path with a plastic liner between its halves, limiting galvanic corrosion.